Fly anglers use a long, flexible fishing rod—often fiberglass or bamboo—to cast lightweight lures through the air and into the depths of streams and rivers. The lures are meant to emulate the prey of local fish, who are drawn in and ensnared on the sharp hook.
This ancient fishing method was developed around 200 CE in southeastern Europe, though the first literary references are found in 15th-century English texts. In North America, fly-fishing from shore proved a better, safer way to capture trout and salmon within the rocky streams of Massachusetts and Pennsylvania, as well as in Newfoundland, Canada.
By the late 18th century, supplies designed specifically for fly-fishing were readily available in US tackle shops. Today, the list of sought-after species has expanded to include freshwater and saltwater fish such as bass, pike, and tarpon. Various methods of the sport exist, and many enthusiasts participate in competitions.